The Airplane was invented by the Wright brothers Orville and Wilbur after a series of tests and trials; the first officially recorded flight of their airplane was on December 23, 1903 in North Carolina in the United States. The plane named as the Wright Flyer flew for 12 seconds and traversed a distance of 120 feet; it was built of wood and had an engine of 12 horsepower.

However the Airplane in itself was not an isolated invention like any other and many others from Leonardo Da Vinci and Clement Ader to Alberto Santos Dumont and Samuel Pierpont Langley all contributed in their own way to the fruition of the idea. The invention ushered in the era of aerodynamics and within a few years airplanes began playing an important role from transport and trade to military purposes.