Cevaplar

2012-11-29T15:08:29+02:00

Bursa (historically also known as Prusa, Greek: Προύσσα, and later as Brusa) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the seat of Bursa Province. With a population of 1,562,828 (2007),[1] it is Turkey’s fourth largest city, as well as one of the most industrialized and culturally charged metropolitan centers in the country.

The city is frequently cited as “Yeşil Bursa” (meaning “Green Bursa”) in a reference to the beautiful parks and gardens located across its urban tissue, as well as to the vast forests in rich variety that extend in its surrounding region. The city is synonymous with the mountain Uludağ which towers behind the city core and which is also a famous ski resort. The mausoleums of early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period constitute the city’s main landmarks. The surrounding fertile plain, its thermal baths, several interesting museums, notably a rich museum of archaeology, and a rather orderly urban growth are further principal elements that complete Bursa’s overall picture.

Karagöz and Hacivat shadow play characters were historic personalities who lived and are buried in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes, especially candied chestnuts and İskender kebap. Its peaches are also well-renowned. Among its depending district centers, İznik, historic Nicaea, is especially notable for its long history and important edifices. Bursa is home to Uludağ University, and its population attains one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. It has traditionally been a pole of attraction and of refuge for immigration into Turkey from the Balkans, in sizable waves at times until quite recently.

History
The earliest known site at this location was Cius, which Philip V of Macedonia granted to the Bithynian king Prusias I in 202 BC, for his help against Pergamum and Heraclea Pontica (modern Karadeniz Ereğli). Prusias renamed the city after himself, as Prusa.

It was later a major city, located on the westernmost end of the famous Silk Road, and was the capital of the Ottoman Empire following its capture from the shrinking Byzantine Empire in 1326. The capture of Edirne in 1365 brought that city to the fore as well, but Bursa remained an important administrative and commercial center even after it lost its status as the sole capital. During the Ottoman rule, Bursa was the source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local production, it imported raw silk from Iran, and occasionally China, and was the ‘factory’ for the kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for the royal palaces up through the 17th century. Another traditional occupation is knife making and, historically, horse carriage building. Nowadays one can still find hand-made knives as well as other products in rich variety produced by artisans, but instead of carriages, there is a big automobile industry.

Bursa sits on a geologic fault like most of Turkey. The city was partially leveled by strong earthquakes coupled with fires and was rebuilt after each time. The last devastating earthquake occurred in 1885.

Economy
Bursa is the toe of Turkey’s automobile industry. FIAT and Renault have for decades had important production units in Bursa. The textile and food industries are equally strong, and Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, and other beverages brands, as well as fresh and canned food industries are present in the city’s organized industrial zones.

Traditionally, Bursa was famous for its fertile soil and agricultural activities, both of which are decreasing due to the heavy industrialization of the city.

Bursa is also a major tourist center: One of the best ski resorts of Turkey is located at Uludağ just next to city proper. Its thermal baths have been used for therapeutical purposes since Roman times. Apart from bathsoperated by hotels, Uludağ University has a physical therapy center which also makes use of thermal water.

Education
Uludağ University is located in Bursa and is a prominent university in Turkey’s Marmara Region. It was founded in 1975, first under the name Bursa Üniversity, then re-named Uludağ Üniversity in 1982. In the 2005-06 academic year, the university had a student body of 47,000.

Sports
Bursa has a professional soccer team, Bursaspor, that plays in the Turkcell Super League. They are known as the “Yeşil Timsahlar” (“Green Alligators”) and play their home matches at Bursa Atatürk stadium.

The city of Bursa is preparing to apply for the 2018 Winter Olympics to be held in Uludağ.

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BURSA

Bursa is big and historic and very beautiful. It’s a fifth Big city in Turkey. Bursa is famous for it’s peacks, chenuts, knifes, towels, texiles, tombs, Uludağ, telefrik and mosques.

MOSQUES


ULU MOSQUE

The Ulu Mosque was built by Yıldırım Bayezıd in from 1395 to 1399. It’s the biggest mosque in Bursa.It was twenty domes.It has got an old Kabe’s cover.It has got Kabe’s Picture and a lot of Arabic writer.



EMİRSUTAN MOSQUE

The Emirsultan Mosque is in the area of Emirsultan district. The mosque has got Selvi trees. The mosque was built by Yıldırım Bayezıt’s doughter and Hundi Hatun.The mosque was dostroyed by an earthquake in 1795 and rebuilt in 1954. 


GREEN MOSQUE

The Green mosque is in the area of Yeşil.İt was built by Çlebi Mehmet in 1939. Green mosque is famous for it is tile.The mosque is the most beatiful and glamorous in Bursa.It’s architect Hacı İvaz Ağa.

TOMBS

ORHANGAZİ

Orhangazi is in the area of Tophane. Sultan Orhan was a great organizer and the scond ruler of the Otoman empire. During this reing Bursa was camptured from Byzanitinos. Few years later Otoman crossed into vurope and the first Otoman silver coin was minted. He died in Bursa. The Tomb was built on the old foundation of a Byzatino cnurh some mosaic decoration has survived. The Tomb was dostroyed by an earthquake in 1855 and rebuilt in 1863.




GREEN TOMB

Sultan Çelebi Mehmet was fifth ruler of the Otoman state heregainedthe power after the defeats and the long dispute of throne with his brothers, the Tomb was completed under the orders of Hacı İvaz Paşa. At the command of Murat II following Mehmet Çelebi’s death in may 1421. It was the noblest tomb that the dynasty had yet achived with the fine workmanshipof its tiles and wooden doors the sarcaphagus gives the date of Sultan’s deat on each window is surmounted by an inscription containingphrases of Hz Muhammed.



EMİR SULTAN

Emir Sultan is in the area of Emir Sultan.The tomb opposite Emir Sultan mosque.Emir Sultan, he’s son emir Alii he’s wife Hundi Hatun and he’s two daughters lie on the tomb.

OSMANGAZİ

Osmangazi is in the area of Tophane.Osmangazi was the founder of the Otoman empire which lasted six hundred years with his name the was burried after the copture of Bursa because of his will.The Tombs as originally know as the silvered tomb because the lead plates of its dome shone like silver the inscription above the door gives the name of Osman Gazi and the restoration date of 1863 the wooden sarcophagus is richly decurated.
MUSEUMS





17. YY OSMANLI HOUSE MUSEUM

17. yy Osmanlı house museum is in the area of Muradiye.The house is opposite the second Murad’s külliye.The home is the oldest homes in the Bursa.



BURSA YENİŞEHİR ŞEMAKİ’S HOUSE

The museum is in the area of Yenişehir in Bursa. It was built by Şemaki’s family.They were live in İran formerly but later they were live Yenişehir. 







TÜRK İSLAM ESERLERİ MUSEUM

The museum was built by Çelebi Mehmet in from 1414 to 1424.It’s in the area of Yeşil Tomb.The museum has got İslam’s work of art.museum is very nice.


ARKEOLOJİ MUSEUM 

It’s in the area of Kültür Park. Arkeoloji museum’s to be found importand stone works in the garden. 



ATATÜRK MÜSEUM

It was built in 19. yy. Atatürk use in visit. It’s in the area of Çekirge street.The museum has got old objeckts.When you enter in,you feel very nice.You bewitch nearly.


BURSA ZOO

It was built on 10th November in 1998. It has got many animals.The zoo is in the area of Suğanlı.The zoo has got trees and old house. The zoo has got lake.The zoo look very nice.



CULTURE PARK

The Culture Park is very nice.The park has got lake.The park has got many trees.You can have a good time in Cultur Park.The park has got cafes.The park has got green feld.The park has got Arkoloji Museum in the garden.

BURSA WATERS

It’s said that it is healthy for different of illnes.This illnes:rheumatism,sciatica,kidney, sand,binding.Old spring, Mimar Sinan spring, big Kükürtlü spring were built by Murat I.



ULUDAĞ

Bursa has got a mountain.Uludağ is the most beautiful mountain in Turkey.There are a lot of hotels and skiing. There are a real sport areas in winter months.Uludağ has got a Telefirik.Telefirik is the most fame in Türkey.I have ever seen the wonderest mountain in my life.You must go to the mountain

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