Cevaplar

2012-12-17T17:03:38+02:00

Geçmiş zaman haline getirdiğimiz bu cümleleri “olumsuz” hale nasıl getirebiliriz?
Biliyorsunuz ki, bunun için “not” ekine ihtiyacımız var. Ancak Geniş zamanı öğrenirken gördük ki, not eki sadece yardımcı fiilin yanına gelebiliyor. Geniş zamanda her fiilin içinde bir de “do” veya “does” yardımcı fiilinin olduğunu öğrenmiştik. Bu yardımcı fiil, geçmiş zamanda, tüm şahıslar için “did”dir.
Bunu öğrendikten sonra şimdi cümlemizi tekrar inceliyelim:
Geçmiş zaman (Olumlu cümle) Geçmiş zaman(Olumsuz cümle)
I meant it. = I did+mean it. I did not mean it. Kisaca; I didn’t mean it.
You meant it. = You did+mean it. You did not mean it. You didn’t mean it.
He meant it. = He did+mean it. He did not mean it. He didn’t mean it.
She meant it. = She did+mean it. She did not mean it. She didn’t mean it.
It meant it. = It did+mean it. It did not mean it. It didn’t mean it.
We meant it. = We did+mean it. We did not mean it. We didn’t mean it.
You meant it. = You did+mean it. You did not mean it. You didn’t mean it.
They meant it. = They did+mean it. They did not mean it. They didn’t mean it

Şimdi aynı cümlenin soru halini ve buna cevapları görelim:
Did I mean it? Yes, you did. Yes, you meant it.
No, you didn’t. No, you did not mean it.
Did you mean it? Yes, I did. Yes, I meant it.
No, I didn’t. No, I did not mean it.
Did he mean it? Yes, he did. Yes, he meant it.
No, he didn’t. No, he did not mean it.
Did she mean it? Yes, she did. Yes, she meant it.
No, she didn’t. No, she did not mean it.
Did it mean it? Yes, it did. Yes, it meant it.
No. it didn’t. No, it did not mean it.
Did we mean it? Yes, you did. Yes, you meant it.
No, you didn’t. No, you did not mean it.
Did you mean it? Yes, we did. Yes, we meant it.
No, we didn’t. No, we did not mean it.
Did they mean it? Yes, they did. Yes, they meant it.
No, they didn’t. No, they did not mean it.

Aynı cümlelerin Olumsuz Soru halleri ise şöyle yapılır:
Didn’t I mean it? Did I not mean it?
Didn’t you mean it? Did you not mean it?
Didn’t he mean it? Did he not mean it?
Didn’t she mean it? Did she not mean it?
Didn’t it mean it? Did it not mean it?
Didn’t we mean it? Did we not mean it?
Didn’t you mean it? Did you not mean it?
Didn’t they mean it? Did they not mean it?
Yukarıda geçmiş zaman hallerini öğrendiğimiz diğer fiillerle şimdi siz cümleler kurup, onlarin soru hallerini, olumsuz ve olumsuz soru şekillerini yazarmısınız?

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