Cevaplar

2012-12-22T19:45:00+02:00

The city of Ankara lies in the city center of Anatolian the eastern edge of the great,high Anatolian Plateau,at an altitude of 850 meters.The province is a predominantly fertile wheat steppeland,with forested areas in the northeast.It is bordered by the provinces of Cankırı and Bolu to the north,Eskisehir to the west,Konya and Aksaray to the south and Kırıkkale and Kırsehir to the east

The region’s history goes back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization,which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium B.C. by the Hittites,in the 10th century B.C. by the phrygians,then by the Lydians and persians.After these came the Galatians,a Celtic race who were the fisrt to make Ankara their capital in the 3rd century B.C. It was then known as Ancyra,meaning “anchor” one of the oldest words in the language of the sea-loving Celts.The city subsequently fell to the Romans,and to the Byzantines. Seljuk Sultan Alparslan opened the door into Anatolia for the Turks at the victory of Malazgirt in 1071. Then in 1073,he annexed Ankara,an important location for military transportation and naturel resources,to Turkish territory.

The city was an important cultural,trading and arts center in Roman times and an important trading center on the caravan route to the east in Ottoman times.It had declined in importance by the nineteenth century.It again became an important center when Kemal Atatürk chose it as the base from which to direct the War of Liberation.By consequence of its role in the war and its strategic position,it was declared the capital of the new Republic of Turkey on october 13th,1923.

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2012-12-22T19:52:17+02:00

Ankaranın yemekleri ve ulaşımının ingilizce tanıtımı


The city of Ankara lies in the city center of Anatolian the eastern edge of the great,high Anatolian Plateau,at an altitude of 850 metersThe province is a predominantly fertile wheat steppeland,with forested areas in the northeastIt is bordered by the provinces of Cankırı and Bolu to the north,Eskisehir to the west,Konya and Aksaray to the south and Kırıkkale and Kırsehir to the east 

The region’s history goes back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization,which was succeeded in the 2nd millennium BC by the Hittites,in the 10th century BC by the phrygians,then by the Lydians and persiansAfter these came the Galatians,a Celtic race who were the fisrt to make Ankara their capital in the 3rd century BC It was then known as Ancyra,meaning “anchor” one of the oldest words in the language of the sea-loving CeltsThe city subsequently fell to the Romans,and to the Byzantines Seljuk Sultan Alparslan opened the door into Anatolia for the Turks at the victory of Malazgirt in 1071 Then in 1073,he annexed Ankara,an important location for military transportation and naturel resources,to Turkish territory 

The city was an important cultural,trading and arts center in Roman times and an important trading center on the caravan route to the east in Ottoman timesIt had declined in importance by the nineteenth centuryIt again became an important center when Kemal Atatürk chose it as the base from which to direct the War of LiberationBy consequence of its role in the war and its strategic position,it was declared the capital of the new Republic of Turkey on october 13th,1923 

SITES TO SEE 

Anıtkabir(Atatürk Mausoleum) 
Located on an imposing hill in the Anıttepe quarter of the city stands the mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk,founder of the Republic of Turkeycompleted in 1953,it is an impressive fusion of ancient and modern architectural ideas and remains unsurpassed as an accomplishment of modern Turkish architecture There is a museum housing a superior wax statue of Atatürk; writings, letters and items belonging to Atatürk,as well as an exhibition of photographs recording important moments in his life and in the establishment of the Republic 

MUSEUMS 

The museum of Anatolian Civilizations 
It is close to the citadel entranceAn old bedesten(covered bazaar)has been beautifully restored and now houses a marvelous and unique collection of Paleolithic,Neolithic,Hatti, Hittite,Phrygian,Urartian and Roman works and showpiece Lydian treasures 

The Ethnography Museum 
It is opposite the Opera House on Talat Paşa BoulevardThere is a fine collection of folkloric artifacts as well as artifacts from Seljuk and Ottoman mosques 


The Painting and Sculpture Museum ws the history of meteorology in Turkey 

The Education Museum follows the history and tecnology of education in Turkey It is located in Ankara Gazi University,in the Besevler district 

HISTORICAL MONUMENTS 

Ankara Citadel:The foundations of the citadel were laid by the Galations on a prominent lava outcrop,and completed by the Romans The Byzantines and Seljuks made restorations and additions The area around and inside the citadel,being the oldest part of Ankara,contains many fine examples of traditional architecture There are also lovely green areas in which to relax It is well known that the Ankara region was the cradle of wine in Hatti and Hittite times around 2000 BC Many restored traditional Turkish houses in the area of the citadel have found new life as restaurants,serving local and international dishes and wine 

Roman Theatre:The remains,including pro-scene(stage) and scene(back stage) can be seen outside the citadelRoman statues that were found here are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations The audience area is still under excavation 

Temple of Augustus:The temple is in the Ulus quarter of the city Itwas built by the Galatian King Pylamenes in 10 AD as a tribute to Augustus,and was reconstructed by the Romans on the ancient Ankara Acropolis in the 2nd century It is important today for the “Monument Ancyranum” the sole surviving “Political Testament” of Augustus,detailing his achievements,inscribed on its walls in Latin and Greek In the fifth century the temple was converted into a church by the Byzantines 

Roman Bath:The bath,situated on Cankırı Avenue in Ulus,has all the typical features: a frigidarium(cold room), tepidarium(cool room)and caldarium(hot room) They were built in the time of Emperor Caracalla(3rd century AD) in honur of Asclepios,the god of medicine Today only the basement and first floors remain 

Column of Julian: This column in Ulus was erected in 362 AD,probably to commemorate a visit by the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate It stands fifteen meters high and has a typical leaf decoration on the capital 

Monument of the Republic: Erected in 1927 in Ulus Square,it is a symbol of the struggle for independence on the part of Atatürk and the Turkish people in the War of Liberation 

Victory Monument: Erected in 1927 in Zafer Square in the Sıhhıye quarter,shows Atatürk in uniform 

MOSQUES 

Hacı Bayram Mosque: This mosque in Ulus next to the temple of Augustus,was built in the early 15th century in Seljuk style and was subsequently restored by Sinan in the 16th century, with Kutahya tiles being added in the 18th century The mosque was built in honor of Hacı Bayram Veli,whose tomb is next to the mosque 

Alaaddin Mosque:This mosque is inside the Citadel walls It has a carved walnut mimber,the inscription on which shows that the mosque was built in the 12th century by the Seljuk ruler,Mesut 

Kocatepe Mosque:This is a recently constructed mosque of great size in classical Ottoman design with four minarets Built between 1967 and 1987 in the Kocatepe quarter,its size and prominent situation have made it a landmark 

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