Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1881 in Salonica, Kocakasim District, Islâhhâne Street was born in a three-storey pink house. His father Ali Riza Efendi and mother was. His paternal grand father Hafiz Efendi XIV-XV. Konya and Aydin Yoruk centuries settled in Macedonia. Near Salonika Lagkadas His mother was the daughter of an Old Turkish family settled in the town. The militia officer, title deed clerk and lumber trader, Ali Riza Efendi, in 1871, married Lady Zübeyde. Four of Atatürk's five siblings died at an early age, only Makbule (Atadan) survived, and lived until 1956.
When it comes to the age of young education in Hafiz Mehmet Efendi's neighborhood school began, was his father's choice Şemsi Efendi School. During this time his father died (1888). Rap for a while and returned to Salonika finished his schooling after their stay next to his uncle's farm. Civil Rüştiyesi enrolled in Thessaloníki. A short time later entered the Military Middle School in 1893. This school math teacher Mustafa Bey, the name "John" I added. Finished Monastir Military Senior High School in the years 1896-1899, the Military School in İstanbul. In 1902 he graduated with the rank of lieutenant., Military Academy continued. Graduated on 11 January 1905 with the rank of captain. 5 in Damascus in between 1905-1907 He served under the command of the army. 1907 Kolağası (Senior Captain) was. Monastery III. Was appointed to the Army. Which entered Istanbul on 19 April 1909 he served as Chief of Staff of the Army. Sent to France in 1910. Attended the Picardie manuevers. In 1911 he started to work at the General Staff Office in İstanbul.