23 July to 7 August 1919 in Erzurum, 4 to 11 September 1919 of the Sivas Congress defining the path to be followed for collecting the liberation of the country. Met with great enthusiasm in Ankara on 27 December 1919. The opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on 23 April 1920 an important step was taken towards the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. Mustafa Kemal was elected President of the Assembly and the Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, the laws necessary for the successful conclusion of the War of Independence began to accept applications.
May 15, 1919 during the occupation of Izmir by the Greek Turkish War of Independence started with the first bullet shot at the enemy. The Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Sèvres on August 10, 1920 sharing I. Against the victors of World War II, with the militia forces called Kuva-yi Milli. Turkey Grand National Assembly established the regular army, the Kuva-yi Milli - to conclude the war in victory by integrating the army.
Leadership of Mustafa Kemal important stages of the Turkish War of Independence are as follows:
Sarıkamış (September 20, 1920), Kars (30 October 1920) and (7 November 1920).
Cukurova, Gaziantep, Sanliurfa Kahramanmaras defenses (1919 - 1921)
I. Victory (6 to 10 January 1921)
II. Victory (March 23-April 1, 1921)
Battle of Sakarya (23 August-13 September 1921)
The Great Raid, Chief Commander and the Great Victory (August 26, September 9, 1922)
After the Sakarya Victory September 19, 1921 Turkey Grand National Assembly gave Mustafa Kemal the rank of Field Marshal and the title Gazi. The Independence War ended with the Treaty of Lausanne was signed on 24 July 1923. Thus, the Treaty of Sevres is shattered, the Turks on the territory of Turkey is a country the size of 5-6 provinces based on national unity was no obstacle for the establishment of the new Turkish State.
The first clue to the opening of the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara, Republic of Turkey on 23 April 1920. Successful management of the Assembly of the Turkish War of Independence, the new accelerated the establishment of the Turkish state. Separated on 1 November 1922 the caliphate and sultanate was abolished. Longer any administrative ties with the Ottoman Empire. 29 October 1923 was formally proclaimed and Atatürk was unanimously elected the first president. On October 30, 1923 was the first government of the Republic Ismet Inonu.
Republic of Turkey, "Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the nation" and "peace cihandabarış" began to grow on the foundations.
Ataturk Turkey, "to the level of contemporary civilization" is a series of reforms in order.
This revolution can be grouped under five headings:
1. Political Reforms
Abolition of the Sultanate (November 1, 1922)
Proclamation of the Republic (October 29, 1923)
Abolishment of Caliphate (3 March 1924)
2. Social Reforms
Women were given equal rights with men (1926-1934)
Hats and clothing revolution (November 25, 1925)
Closure of mausoleums and dervish lodges (30 November 1925)
Surname Law (June 21, 1934)
Moniker, and the elimination of names (November 26, 1934)
International calendar, time and measurements adopted (1925-1931)
3. Law Reform:
Abolishment of the Canon (1924-1937)
The Turkish Civil Code and other laws of the secular legal system (1924-1937)
4. Educational and Cultural Reforms
Integration of education (3 March 1924)
The new Turkish alphabet (1 November 1928)
The establishment of the Turkish Language and Historical Societies (1931-1932)
Regulation of university education (31 May 1933)
Innovations in fine arts
5. Reforms in the Field of Economics:
Encouragement of farmers
The establishment of model farms
Removed and the establishment of industrial enterprises Industry Promotion Act
I. and II. Development Plans (1933-1937) Father of construction of new highways
As last name, on 24 November 1934, Mustafa Kemal "Ataturk" was given the surname.
Ataturk, April 24, 1920, and was elected President of the Parliament on August 13, 1923. The presidential office, at the level of Head of State and the Government. Republic was proclaimed on October 29, 1923, and was elected the first president. According to the Constitution Presidential elections held every four years. 1927.1931, 1935 Turkish Grand Assembly again elected.
Atatürk took frequent trips in the country inspected the work. He gave orders for the concerned areas of disruption. In my capacity as President of the visiting foreign presidents, prime ministers, ministers and commanders.
15 to 20 October 1927 War of Independence and the establishment of the Republic, his Great Speech, on October 29, 1933 the 10th Year Speech read.
Atatürk was very modest in his private life. He married on 29 January 1923. Together they had many trips around the country. This marriage lasted until August 5, 1925. Children who love the Atatürk Disaster (believe), Sabiha (Gokcen), Fikriye, Ülkü, Nebile, Rukiye, Zehra's adopted daughter, and Mustafa's spiritual shepherd. Took the children under his protection, Abdurrahim and Ihsan. A good future for these children who survived.
Farms to the Treasury in 1937, has donated a portion of his real estate to Ankara and Bursa Municipality. His sister, his adopted children and the Turkish Language and Historical Societies divided. I enjoy reading books, listening to music, dancing, horse riding and swimming enjoyed. Zeybek dances, wrestling and the Rumelia folk songs was extremely interested. Of billards and backgammon gave him great pleasure. His horse Sakarya and his dog Fox valued. A rich library. Government and scientists to dinners, to invite the country's problems were discussed. Be sure to dress clean and tidy. He loved nature. Frequent the Atatürk Forest Farm and knew himself to work katılırdı.Fransızca and German.