http://www.genelbilge.com/ayasofya-muzesi.html/ (burada tükçesi var)
Architecture, magnificence, size and functionality as the first and the last unique application in the Hagia Sophia, has been inspiration for Ottoman mosques on the basis of the idea, is the product of a synthesis between east-west trace the history of architecture is one of the most important monuments have survived to the present day. For this reason, the Hagia Sophia, as well as the historical background, architecture, mosaics and all mankind for centuries attracted the attention of the Turkish era structures.
916 years the Hagia Sophia church, mosque for 481 years, its historical function as a museum since 1935 sürdürmektedir.Bizans historians (Theophanes, Nikephoros, Grammarian Leon), first Hagia Sophia 's Emperor Constantine (324-337) made in a timely advanced sürmüşlerdir.Bazilika planned, wooden roofed building, structure yanmıştır.Bu There is nothing as a result of an uprising.
II.Theodosius emperor, Hagia Sofia, and 415 for the second time to worship açmıştır.Yine basilica built in 532 during the Nika rebellion in yanmıştır.1936 çıkmıştır.Bunlar excavations revealed some ruins about the stairs indicating the entrance to the temple, columns, titles, various architectural parts.
Iustinians Emperor (527-565) the first two Hagia Sophia from the church wanted to build a larger, well-known architects of the era of Miletus' lu Anthemios Isidoros and Tralles' agünümüze reaching the Hagia Sophia 't done. The ruins of the ancient city of Anatolia, columns, capitals, marble and colored stones were used in Hagia Sophia üzereİstanbul'a.
The story of the church is expressed as follows: İustinians'ın amcasıimparator overthrow his uncle was responsible for tipping when looking for the story in the face of the empire İustinians'ın name İstinianus'u found karışmış.Amcası again and punish him fully, perhaps İstinianus'un two cherished dream of his uncle's empire kesecekken way to go girmiş.Bacchus and saints Sergius and his two innocent young İstinianus'un şaitlik yapmışlar.Bu testify that it is in line with the emperor, the emperor, as soon as it affetmıs.Genç İstinianus yaptıracagına a church in the name of these two saints as soon as the emperor had promised, and started reconstruction of the dakilisenin.
532 began construction of the Haghia Sophia December 23, December 27 537 tamamlanmıştır.Mimari direction of a large central space, two side aisles (aisle), abscissa, interior and exterior nartexes. The interior is 100 x 70 m. the extent of, and the four large piers, 55 m. height of 30.31 m. surmounted by a dome diameter.
Hagia Sophia's mosaics are also of great importance, as well as architecture, ancient mosaics, the inner narthex and side naves taşımaktadır.En gilded mosaics in geometric and floral motifs IX-XII.yüzyıllarda yapılmıştır.Bunlar mozaiklerdir.Figürlü the Emperor's gate, abscise, exit doors and is the top of the gallery floor.
During the Turkish period beginning with the conquest of Istanbul Hagia Sophia görmüştür.Mihrap various repairs around the most beautiful examples of Turkish calligraphy Turkish tile art and içerir.Bunlardan Kazasker famed calligrapher Mustafa Izzet Efendi's Turkish section of the Koran and 7.50 m. The most interesting olanıdır.Bu diameter round plates plates, Allah, Mohammed, Omar, Osman, Ali, Hassan, Abu Bakr, the names of Hussein yazılıdır.mihrabın the side walls are plates written and granted by the Ottoman sultans.
Sultan II. Selim I, Sultan III.Mehmet, the tombs of Sultan III.Murat and princes, Sultan I.Mahmut 's fountain, primary school, charitable establishment, library, whose inside sultan Sultan Abdülmecid, muvakkithanesi
Hagia Sophia örnbekleri formed the Turkish era tombs, interior design, pottery and architecture are the most beautiful examples of Ottoman tradition.