Sydney is a city on the east coast of Australia. Sydney is the capital city of New South Wales. About four million people live in Sydney which makes it the biggest city in Australia. Sydney started in 1788, when the Captain Arthur Phillip brought the First Fleet to settle in Australia. The settlers were mostly convicts from crowded prisons in England and Ireland, with a group of soldiers to guard them.

In Sydney, there are many famous buildings: the Sydney Opera House and theSydney Harbour Bridge. Sydney has a big harbour and lots of beaches. The most famous beach is Bondi Beach, some other beaches are Coogee Beach. Famous parts of the harbour are Darling Harbour and Circular Quay.

The most famous sports ground in Sydney is ANZ Stadium (which used to be called "Stadium Australia") because it was built for the 2000 Summer Olympics. Another stadium in Sydney is the Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG).

Sydney has lots of things to see and do. These include visiting Taronga Zoo (a park for animals), eating food, looking at art or watching sports (like cricket or football) or walking down George Street which has many nice shops. Sydney also has some of Australia's best shopping. Lots of people go to Sydney for the big party at New Year's Eve with fireworks over the harbour.