Atatürk was born in Selanik in 1881. His father was Ali Rıza Efendi and his mother was Zübeyde Hanım. His parents called him Mustafa.
His father Ali Rıza Efendi died when little Mustafa started primary school so they moved to another city. They stayed there with his uncle. His worked on his uncle's farm for some time. Then he went back to Selanik and started Şemsi Efendi School again. Later he entered the exam for the Military School and he passed it.