EVENTS IN ATATÜRK'S LIFE IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
Mustafa born in Salonika.
Mustafa enters the Military Preparatory School in Salonika and is
given the second name "Kemal" by his teacher.
Mustafa Kemal enters the Military High School at Manastir.
Mustafa Kemal enters the infantry class of the Military Academy in
Mustafa Kemal graduates from the Military Academy and goes on to the
General Staff College.
January 11, 1905
Mustafa Kemal graduates from the General Staff College with the rank of
Staff Captain and is posted to the Fifth Army, based in Damascus.
Mustafa Kemal and his friends from the secret society
"Fatherland and Freedom." in Damascus.
Mustafa Kemal transferred to Third Army and goes to Salonika.
September 13, 1911
Mustafa Kemal transferred to General Staff in İstanbul.
January 9, 1912
Mustafa Kemal successfully leads the Tobruk offensive in Libya.
November 25, 1912
Mustafa Kemal appointed Director of Operations. Mediterranean Straits
October 27, 1913
Mustafa Kemal appointed Military Attache in Sofia.
April 25, 1915
Allies land at Arıburnu and Mustafa Kemal stops their progress with his
August 9, 1915
Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander, Anafartalar Group.
April 1, 1916
Mustafa Kemal promoted Brigadier-General.
August 6-7, 1916
Mustafa Kemal wins Bitlis and Muş back from the enemy.
October 31, 1918
Mustafa Kemal becomes Commander, Lightning Group of Armies.
April 30, 1919
Mustafa Kemal appointed Inspector of 9th . Army based in Erzurum with wide
May 16, 1919
Mustafa Kemal leaves İstanbul.
May 19, 1919
Mustafa Kemal lands in Samsun.
July 8, 1919
Mustafa Kemal resigns from the post of Inspector of 3rd . Army and from
July 23, 1919
Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress.
September 4, 1919
Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Sivas Congress.
December 27, 1919
Mustafa Kemal arrives in Ankara with the Excutive Committee.
April 23, 1920
Mustafa Kemal opens the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara.
May 11, 1920
Mustafa Kemal is condemned to death by the government in İstanbul.
August 5, 1921
Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander-in-Chief by the Grand National Assembly.
August 23, 1921
The battle of Sakarya begins with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal.
September 19, 1921
The Grand National Assembly gives Mustafa Kemal the rank of Marshal and
the title Gazi (Victor).
August 26, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal begins to lead the Great Offensive from the hill of
August 30, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa wins the battle of Dumlupınar.
September 10, 1922
Gazi Mustafa Kemal enters İzmir.
November 1, 1922
The Grand National Assembly accepts Gazi Mustafa Kemal's proposal to
abolish the Sultanate.
January 14, 1923
Mustafa Kemal's mother Zübeyde Hanım dies in İzmir.
October 29, 1923
Proclamation of the Turkish Republic and Gazi Mustafa Kemal is elected
August 24, 1924
Gazi Mustafa Kemal wears a hat for the first time at Sarayburnu in
August 9, 1928
Gazi Mustafa Kemal speaks at Sarayburnu on the new Turkish Alphabet.
April 12, 1931
Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Historical Society.
July 12, 1932
Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Linguistic Society.
June 16, 1934
The Grand National Assembly passes a law granting Gazi Mustafa Kemal the
November 10, 1938