LOCATION, BOUNDARIES AND NEIGHBOURS
The region south-east of the country population and the smallest surface area of our region. Mediterranean, Eastern Anatolia Regions, adjacent to the States of Syria and Iraq.
The real surface area 59 176 km2. Country in terms of area 7.5% occupies the smallest of our region.
According to 2000 census the population of 06.06 million. The population density was 112 persons per km2. This is higher than the average of Turkey (Turkey average of 83 people per km2)
1. Department of Dicle
2. Department of the Middle Euphrates
Mountains and plains
Topography of the region is quiet. Generally, plateaus and plains are covered. Place shapes suitable for agriculture. Height increases when you go from west to east. Is located in an extinct volcano mountain in the middle of the two sections Karacadağ. This is the only and the highest mountain in the region. There are plateaus of the Department of the Tigris Gaziantep and Sanliurfa. Department of the Middle Euphrates Basin in Diyarbakir and Mardin Parity (düzlüktür high.) Are available.
Rivers and Lakes
Goksu and Nizip Euphrates and its tributaries of the Tigris and its tributaries, Botan, Garzan and Major rivers include Batman arms.
There is no natural lakes in the region. Rivers is hydroelectric power. For this reason, there are a lot of dam. On the Euphrates River, Ataturk, Karakaya Dam Lakes irrigation project, on the Tigris River Kıralkızı, Ilisu Dam Lakes Cizre.
Climate and Vegetation
West of the region felt the effects of the Mediterranean climate. The summers are hot and rainless. But the winters are cooler than the Mediterranean area. In this section, frost, and the land is found. Most of the precipitation falls in the winter. Annual precipitation is 500-600 mm. Although there is less rainfall in the desert winds blowing from the south due to the temperature and evaporation occurs, and this will cause the drought. The highest temperature measured in the region of our country. Is very much in need of irrigation in agriculture. The region east of the effects of sea level goes uzaklaşılır and height increases, the temperature decreases. More snow and frost events begin to appear.
And west parts of the steppe region is low. Mountain slopes, edges of streams in the high places, and are also found in the forest and scrub trees.
AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK
The region's economy is based on agriculture. Contribution to the national economy in this area. Although arable agricultural lands and plains farming becomes more difficult due to the summer drought and irrigation needs. To the GAP region's agriculture began to increase with the increasing of irrigation facilities.
More continental climate is very suitable for agriculture products in the region. Products are the most widely grown.
Lentils: the first takes place in the production of Turkey.
Wheat, flax, cotton, paddy (rice), chickpea and sesame are grown in some products.
Gaziantep Plateau, Pistachio, Olive and Grape yaygıdır.
Siirt pistachio production started.
River edges of the irrigated plains of the fruits and vegetables (especially the watermelon) are grown.
Plateaus and steppes are mostly seen in the region for the small ruminant livestock (sheep, goats) are too. Goat's more common in the high areas. In this way, the area of animal products are in trade.
Natural Gas: Mardin-muddy
Oil: Batman-Bashir and Batman, Siirt-Kurtalan-Baykan and Barzan, Adiyaman-Kahta and Diyarbakır.
POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT
According to 2000 census the population of 06.06 million. The population density was 112 persons per km2. This is higher than the average of Turkey (Turkey average of 83 people per km2). Density of the intensive care 2 region. The population growth rate is 25% o (Turkey% o 18:34). 62% of the urban population in the region (Turkey average 65%). Collective settlement and the adobe houses in the area are common. The western part of the population, concentrated in the mountain slopes and streams.
Adiyaman-Nemrut Dagi, Sanliurfa-Fish Lake and Historic Artifacts.
CONTRIBUTION OF THE TURKISH ECONOMY
Turkey Oil at 1/7 of this region have provided. The rest is imported from foreign countries. Batman has a Petroleum Refinery. Agricultural water demand will be met by completion of the GAP and the region's economy will prosper more. This will contribute to the country's economy.
GENERAL FEATURES OF THE REGION
The smallest region in terms of area.
Although the last area is smaller in terms of population density is high.
% 1 is the last place in the forest.
Plantations and 20% in terms of area 4 Place.
Economy is based on farming. Animal 2 Takes place.
Pistachios, lentils, and takes the first place in the production of watermelon.
Phosphate and oil production in the first place.
Evaporation and is the region's summer droughts.
No there is no natural lakes.
Karacadağ extinct volcano, the highest point.
The GAP project is underway in the region.
Dam lakes in the region is Turkey's largest and most important.
Teşekkür etmen yeterli