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Ephesus (Ancient Greek Ἔφεσος; Turkish Efes) was an ancient Greek city on the west coast ofAnatolia, in the region known as Ionia during the period known as Classical Greece. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League.

The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, which was destroyed by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom in 401 AD.[1] The emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614. The importance of the city as a commercial centre declined as the harbor slowly filled with silt from the river Cayster (Küçük Menderes).

Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation.[2] The Gospel of Johnmight have been written here.[3] It is also the site of a large gladiator graveyard.

Today's archaeological site lies 3 kilometers south of the Selçuk district of İzmir Province, Turkey. Theruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy accessibility from Adnan Menderes Airport and via the port of Kuşadası.