• Eodev Kullanıcısı

I da was you,we,they de were he,she,it de was





SUBJECT PRESENT PAST I am was You are were He, she, it is was We, you, they are were



“Be” fiili 3 yapıda kullanılır.
a) Subject + be + noun
b) Subject + be + adjective
c) Subject + be + prepositional phrasea) Subject + be + noun


Present : I am a teacher now.
Past: I was a student 20 years ago.

Present: We are students at the University now.
Past: We were students at the high school 5 years ago.

b) Subject + be + adjective

Present : The questions are very difficult this year.
Past: The questions were very easy last year.

Present: He is very happy now.
Past: He was very angry yesterday.

c) Subject + be + prepositional phrase

Present : She is in Ankara now.
Past: She was in İzmir yesterday.

Present: His laptop is on the table.
Past: It was in the bag in the morning.



We use “was, were” before subjects to make questions.Why were they shocked? Because she was in love.


Who was upset? John was upset.

Where was Mrs. Peters? She was in the hospital.

Was he at home? No, he wasn’t.

Were they tired? Yes, they were.


Put “was, wasn’t, were, weren’t” in the blanks. This morning class


  was wasn’t were weren’t 

very interesting. We talked about our first day in the U.S. Many students

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

Afraid, but some (neg.)

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

afraid at all. Wing

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

Born in China. He

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

nervous because it

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

his first time alone. Aziza and Ali

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

Born in Egypt. Aziza

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

Afraid but Ali (neg)

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

afraid. Elena , from Argentina, (neg.)

  was wasn’t were weren’t 

afraid either.


did - didnt

SIMPLE PAST TENSE ÖRNEK TABLO                                                  

  (+)  OLUMLU CÜMLE   (-)  OLUMSUZ CÜMLE   (?) SORU CÜMLESİ  I played (Oynadım) I didn’t play (Oynamadım) Did I play? (Oynadım mı?)  You played (Oynadın)  You didn’t play (Oynamadın) Did you play? (Oynadın mı?) He played (Oynadı) He didn’t play (Oynamadı) Did he play? (Oynadı mı?) She played (Oynadı) She didn’t play  (Oynamadı) Did she play? (Oynadı mı?)  It played (Oynadı) It didn’t play  (Oynamadı) Did it play? (Oynadı mı?) We played (Oynadık) We didn’t play (Oynamadık) Did we play? (Oynadık mı?) They played (Oynadılar) They didn’t play (Oynamadılar) Did they play? (Oynadılar mı?)


DİKKAT! Olumlu cümlelerde herhangi bir yardımcı fiil gelmez ve fiilin ikinci hali kullanılır. Olumsuz ve soru cümlelerinde did veya didn’t yardımcı fiili kullanılır ve fiil yalın haliyle kalır.

 (+) I visited my uncle yesterday. (Dün amcamı ziyaret ettim)
      (Bu cümle olumludur ve görüldüğü gibi fiilin ikinci hali kullanılmıştır.) 
 (-) I didn’t visit my uncle yesterday. (Dün amcamı ziyaret etmedim.)
      (Bu cümle olumsuzdur ve didn’t yardımcı fiili kullanıldığı için fiil yalın haliyle gelmiştir.)
 (?) Did I visit my uncle yesterday.  (Dün amcamı ziyaret ettim mi?)
      (Bu cümle soru cümlesidir ve "did" yardımcı fiili geldiği için fiil yine yalın haliyle kullanılmıştır.)