Since the Neolithic period around Urfa and yerleşilmektedir. Gobeklitepe Mound, BC 11. used in the place where the world's oldest known maabetinin century.
Urfa, the Koran, the Bible and the Tonah (Old Testament / Torah), the TA Abraham, is considered the birthplace of the Mosque and memory are also available. In addition, the Prophet Eyüp (the Bible and the Bible Job) is considered to be the birthplace. 
Under the center of the city to the north of present-day Urfa Balıklıgöl, as a result of a discovery, the history of the town center of Urfa BC. Bowl-Pottery Neolithic Period were to extend to 9500'e.
11 500 years of history in the process of Ebla, Akkadian, Sumerian, Babylonian, Hittite, Hurrian-Mitanni, Aramaic, Assyrian, Persian, Macedonian, Roman, Byzantine, such as lived under the sovereignty of civilizations.
Urfa, has been the domination of the Seljuks in 1094. 1098'de Crusader County of Edessa and later Ayyubid, Mamluk, Turkmen tribes, Timur state, the White Sheep Turkomans, Dulkadir lordship, within the boundaries of the Safavids, and most recently participated in the Ottoman Empire in 1516. Previously located within the boundaries of the State of Rakka Urfa, in 1876, to the province of Aleppo, in 1916, became an independent starboard.
I. world war