acil bu metni türkçe ye çevirmem gerekiyo lütfen yardım edin : ahramanmaraş is the capital city of Kahramanmaraş Province in southeastern Turkey The city lies on a plain at the foot of the Taurus Mountains and has a population of 326,198 as of 2000 The region is best known for its production of salep, a flour made from dried orchid tubers, and its distinctive ice cream History Kahramanmaraş was founded as a Hittite city-state ca 1000 BC Later, the city was called Germanicia Caesarea (Γερμανίκεια, Germanikeia, in Greek) in the time of the Roman and Byzantine empires Prior to 1973, Kahranmanmaras was known as Maraş pronounced Marash It gained its modern name on October 7, 1973 when the Grand National Assembly of Turkey added "Kahraman" to the name The addition of "Kahraman" ("hero" in Turkish) was in commemoration of the victory against the French Armenian Legion during the Battle of Maraş in the Turkish War of Independence After the war, Maraş also received the Turkish Medal of Independence, given to the city as a whole for such actions as the Sütçü İmam Incident In December 1978, Kahramanmaraş was the site of a massacre of leftist Alevis An ultra-nationalist group, the Grey Wolves, incited the violence that left over 100 dead The incident was of key importance in the Turkish government's decision to declare martial law, and the eventual military coup in 1980






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