HISTORY OF BEYPAZARI
Beypazari, 100 km to the west of Ankara, is on the old Ankara-Istanbul route. It remains a cultural and economic center due to its central location near the towns of Ay as, Gudul, Nalhhan and Kibnscik.
Throughout Anatolian history, the area surrounding Beypazari was dominated by HITTITES, FRIGIANS, GALATS, ROMANS and the BYZANTINE in the early ages, and later by ANATOLIAN SELJUQS and OTTOMANS. Beypazari was on the important historical routes connecting Istanbul to Ankara and Baghdad. Its first name was Lagia, which means “the country on top of the rocks” in Luwish
This name was changed after the 6th century AC into Lagania-Anastasiopolis (Anastasios City), referring to the visit of Anastasios, the Byzantine Emperor that ruled between 491-518 AC, to Lagania, which was the center of episcopacy in those days.
After their arrival to Anatolia under the command of Sultan Alparslan, the Turks reached the Marmara Sea, going through Beypazari. The town was under the dominance of the Seljuqs for some time, and was a homeland for the migrating Turcoman tribes. The most important of them was the Kayi Tribe. This Turkish tribe received lands from the Seljuq sultan and firstly settled around Ankara, under the command of Gazi Gunduzalp. It is known that the grave of Gazi Gunduzalp, the grandfather of Osman Bey (the founder of the Ottomans) during the Seljuk period, is in the HirkatepeVillage of Beypazari.
Beypazari was a trade center on the Istanbul-Baghdad route during the Seljuq period. The Ottoman dominance on Beypazari began following the conquest of Ankara by Orhan Bey. In those days, Beypazari was a central region connected to Bursa, the Ottoman capital of the time. After 1868, it continued to be an important region connected to Ankara, which eventually became the capital of the Turkish Republic, following the Ottoman capitals of Edirne and Istanbul.
Beypazari was also one of the Anatolian Riding Centers, which formed the basis of the Ottoman Land Regime and Military System. Referring to the Riding Chief of the region and the concentration of commercial and economic life, the name was changed into BEG BAZARI.