n adjective is a word that modifies a noun to tell you more about it.
Adjectives never change. They are never plural.

Sıfatlar ismi tamlamak veya isim hakkında daha fazla bilgi vermek için kullanılır. Asla değişmez ve çoğul eki almazlar.

For example:

This is a nice cake.
Bu güzel bir kektir.

Adjectives go before their nouns.
Sıfatlar isimden önce gelirler.

They're nice people.
Onlar iyi insanlardır.

You use a when the noun you are referring to or the adjective that describes it begins with a consonant.
You use an when the noun you are referring to or the adjective that describes it begins with a vowel.

İsimden önce gelen sıfatın ilk sesi sesli ise 'an', sessiz ise 'a' article kullanılır.

For example:

It's a car.
It's a new car.

O yeni bir arabadır.

It's an old car.
O eski bir arabadır.

Adjectives used in describing people
İnsan tasvirinde kullanılan bazı sıfatlar


An adjective can come after some verbs, such as: be, become, feel, get, look, seem, smell, sound

Even when an adjective comes after the verb and not before a noun, it always refers to and qualifies the subject of the sentence, not the verb.

Look at the examples below: subject verb adjective

Ram is English. Because she had to wait, she became impatient. Is it getting dark? The examination did not seem difficult. Your friend looks nice. This towel feels damp. That new film doesn't sound very interesting. Dinner smells good tonight. This milk tastes sour. It smells bad.

These verbs are "stative" verbs, which express a state or change of state, not "dynamic" verbs which express an action. Note that some verbs can be stative in one sense (she looks beautiful | it got hot), and dynamic in another (she looked at him | he got the money). The above examples do not include all stative verbs.

Note also that in the above structure (subject verb adjective), the adjective can qualify a pronoun since the subject may be a pronoun.

Now check your understanding »